They paved the way for family planning, campaigned for the acceptance and availability of methods of contraception and fought for women’s abortion rights.
The dissemination of campaign literature was definitely one of the most important tasks carried out by these trailblazers. Women’s access to further education was often hampered or even prohibited. At long last, the most important questions about sexuality were being talked about openly.
Others published material about abortion and even performed abortions themselves. In the 19th century especially, this group faced perpetual animosity from and persecution by self-appointed moralists.
In earlier centuries ‘woman’ above all fought for legal and social approval of abortion and woman’s related right to decide for herself about her own body.
Read more about these prominent figures who often put their lives on the line for sex education and women’s independence.
"The sex drive does not submit to the coercion of any academic or religious regulation." ( 1896)
As Minister for Women’s Affairs she championed the legalization of abortion in Austria.
Although Carlos Galli Mainini was neither a gynaecologist nor a social reformer, his discovery gave women more control over their own lives.
Late in the 1950s, the Swedish doctor Carl Axel Gemzell developed the first immunological pregnancy test.
Founded the Dutch non-profit organization ‘Women on Waves’ in 1999.
From 1855, Gooyear produced condoms that took the market by storm, even if they were dreadful by today’s standards.
Gräfenberg is famous for inventing 'Gräfenberg's Ring' as well as discovering the 'G-Spot'.
The physiologist Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ludwig Haberlandt from Innsbruck was one of the scientists that worked on the development of the pill.
She mobilized against gender discrimination and for social justice as well as sexual liberation.
“Sensibly Planned Parenthood Rather than the Continued Exploitation of Women’s Bodies and Souls”
Like the American Margaret Sanger Ishimoto Shidzue from Japan fought for family planning and birth control.
Among other things she fought for women’s voting rights and campaigned for health protection for prostitutes and shop girls.
Exeter and District Women's Welfare Association
An important step towards the development of the modern pregnancy test.
Late in the 1920s, he discovered the days of fertility and infertility during the menstrual cycle.
He recommended the prevention of unwanted pregnancies in order to reduce the rate of infant mortality.
In 1970 George Michaels voted pro liberalizing abortion laws in New York State.
He not only performed abortions when doing so was still illegal, but admitted to it and campaigned publicly for legalisation.
Doctor and social reformer fought for contraception, abortion and better working conditions.
Initially, his discovery was met with scepticism: “If this method’s so good, why wasn’t it found sooner?”
Popp’s motion now demands that the pregnant woman be exempt from punishment when she undertakes the abortion within the first three months of pregnancy.
The Americans Charles and Anna Lohman published their book ‘The Married Woman’s Private Medical Companion’ already in 1847.
Seen as the ‘father’ of the adoption of a time-limit approach to abortion regulation in Austria, he played a crucial role in abortion liberalisation.
Margaret Sanger was one of Americas most engaged first activists fighting for sexual education.
Well known, controversial and extremely committed feminist and sexual and social reformer.
Performed abortions in accordance with the indications requirements that were in force.
As health minister, she introduced the right to have an abortion into France.
Feminist groups played a role in the adoption of a ‘term-limit approach’ to abortion in Austria in 1974.